P2b – Dry shrub vegetation with Crataegus monogyna, Prunus spinosa and Juniperus communis:
Mostly secondary shrublands or shrubland-grassland mosaics of dry and warm areas, dominated by Crataegus monogyna and/or Prunus spinosa, more infrequently by Juniperus communis. The closure of the shrub vegetation reaches 50%, and within this, the ratio of trees is under 50%. The total area of the habitat is almost 40000 ha in Hungary. It occurs with the greatest extension (23000 ha) in the hilly lower parts and on the foothills of the Északi-középhegység. The habitat is also frequent in the Dunántúli-középhegység (5000 ha), and on Dél-Dunántúl (6000 ha, mainly in its south-eastern part). Also many occurrences are known from Alföld (4000 ha), from Nyugat-Dunántúl (1000 ha) and from Kisalföld (400 ha). This dry shrub vegetation is connected to land-use changes; it develops especially on those man-made (semi-)dry grasslands that were formerly grazed and/or mowed, and their use was later abandoned.
Molnár, Zs., M. Biró, J. Bölöni & F. Horváth (2008): Distribution of the (semi-)natural habitats in Hungary I.: Marshes and grasslands, Acta Botanica Hungarica 50 (Suppl): 59-105. >>> letöltés (5,4 MB, PDF)
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