P45 - Wooded pastures and sweet chestnut forests - Fáslegelők, fáskaszálók, felhagyott legelőerdők, gesztenyeligetek (HU)

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P45 – Wooded pastures and sweet chestnut forests:
Forest-grassland mosaics formed by human land use (coppicing, grazing and/or mowing). The original or planted woody vegetation forms characteristic landscapes. The trees are free standing; they branch often close to the ground, with thick boughs, their crowns and the diameter of the trunks are huge. The trees, at least partly, are old, with a minimum of 30-40 cm diameter, but sometimes the thickness of the trunk can reach 1 m. The total area of the habitat is almost 5500 ha. It can be found with the greatest extension (2500 ha) on Dél-Dunántúl and in the connecting regions, especially in Belső-Somogy, in Zselic, and in the vicinity of Mecsek (1700 ha), as well as in the Zalai-dombság (500 ha) and on Dráva-sík (300 ha). Beyond these occurrences it is sporadic on Nyugat-Dunántúl (further 250 ha). It covers larger areas again in the north-eastern part of Alföld (approx. 400 ha), and in the Dunántúli-középhegység (1300 ha), especially in its western part (Balaton-felvidék, Bakony, Vértes). Sporadic also on Kisalföld, mainly in the southern part (250 ha) and also not common in the Északi-középhegység (500 ha, Börzsöny, Cserhát, Mátra, Bükk, Heves-Borsodi-dombság, Cserehát, Sátor-hegység). Human influence plays significant role in the development of wooded pastures and sweet chestnut woodlands. In the past, these habitats were common and widespread, but as a consequence of abandonment of the traditional use, their extension is sharply decreasing.

Molnár, Zs., M. Biró, J. Bölöni & F. Horváth (2008): Distribution of the (semi-)natural habitats in Hungary I.: Marshes and grasslands, Acta Botanica Hungarica 50 (Suppl): 59-105. >>> letöltés (5,4 MB, PDF)

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